Chapter One of Calvin Coolidge’s Autobiography

Chapter One of Calvin Coolidge’s Autobiography

Read by the new Program and Editorial Associate of the Coolidge Foundation, Rushad Thomas, here is the first installment of the finest Presidential memoirs ever written. It is aptly suited for reading, written as it was for child and adult alike. Listen carefully, take time to reflect on the observations and insights offered and be ready to learn from one of the wisest and most underestimated of our Presidents.

Calvin at age 3, 1875-76

Calvin at age 3, 1875-76. This was the year his grandfather carried him the to the Vermont State House in Montpelier. When little Calvin reached for the gavel, it was time to leave. Little could anyone suspect that the authority of a presiding officer would loom large in his future (The Autobiography p.18).

President Coolidge meets Sargeant Henry Lincoln Johnson, September 20, 1923

It was on the second night of a double watch stint on May 15, 1918, that then Private Henry Johnson, with another soldier of the legendary 369th Infantry Regiment (better known as the “Harlem Hellfighters”), suddenly discovered that upwards of two dozen Germans were patrolling right beside their exact position. About to be captured, Private Johnson opened fire, killing at least one and wounding two others before engaging another in hand-to-hand combat with his bolo knife. Thrice wounded, Johnson kept fighting until his friend was rescued and what was left of the German patrol fled. Returning home, he and his family enjoyed the full star treatment for his heroic actions. He even took up the lecture circuit to talk about racial colorblindness but disappointed some when he also spoke of the bigotry that took place in the trenches.

As time went on, many simply forgot the great men of the 369th who put on the uniform and fought for America so fiercely. It would not be until 2003 that Sargeant Henry “Black Death” Johnson, as he was affectionately dubbed by his friends and fellow servicemen for his actions on that fateful night, was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross. In his time, however, he was not completely forsaken. Coolidge certainly never forgot the men of the illustrious 369th. Sargeant Johnson was both remembered and recognized in two distinct ways. It would be none other than President Calvin Coolidge who made a point of setting aside a day to meet this young, commendable American. As Coolidge’s schedule was especially full in the weeks after President Harding’s death, it is very telling that the most powerful man in the world took the time to start the business of September 20th 1923 in the company of this brave and honorable man. When Henry died in July 1929, it is worth mentioning that long before he was officially rewarded for his exceptional service, he was buried among many who had served with him, at Arlington National Cemetery, an honor not bestowed flippantly but one befitting the caliber of his courage and the dignity of his deeds. It matters not what race or background he was. He was, as Coolidge saw him, an extraordinary American. He therefore sleeps among those who are in every essential his people, Americans of all services, colors and creeds.

Corporal Johnson wearing the Croix de Guerre, bestowed on him by the French, 1918.

Private Johnson wearing the Croix de Guerre, bestowed on him by the French, 1918.

 

President Coolidge meets Sargeant Stubby, October 29, 1924

President Coolidge meets Sargeant Stubby, October 29, 1924

Having met this amazing Boston terrier twice before (in 1919 when Coolidge was Governor and 1921 as Vice President), Coolidge received a visit from Sargeant Stubby and his adopted owner, Robert Conroy, at the White House. Stubby not only accompanied Conroy to the Front during World War I, but the bold canine exhibited an extraordinary measure of courage, surviving a gas attack and wounds in battle, warning soldiers of incoming artillery, locating wounded troops stuck in “No Man’s Land” and even detaining a German long enough for Allied forces to catch up to his position. The blanket he is wearing, made for him by grateful French ladies, includes his unit badge, his sargeant stripes and an unprecedented array of medals from his service in combat. Coolidge would take time from an otherwise important day of military leaders, Congressional meetings, and even the visit of foreign diplomats to recognize the honor of service, the dignity of courage and the importance of fidelity, even when it is exemplified in one of our best of friends — the tough, little Sargeant Stubby.

Miss Louise Johnson and Stubby, May 13, 1921

Miss Louise Johnson and Stubby, May 13, 1921

Set for release on the 13th of this month, get ready for Sergeant Stubby: How a Stray Dog and His Best Friend Helped Win World War I and Stole the Heart of a Nation by Anne Bausum. The book includes Stubby’s meeting with President Coolidge and his collaboration in charitable work with Mrs. Coolidge.